North America has been producing wine for over 300 years and is now the fourth largest wine producer in the world. While many consumers associate North American wine with California (where indeed most is produced), it may surprise you to discover that a winery exists in every US state and in Canada too. The style and quality of North American wines varies dramatically according to region, climate, geography, soils, grape varieties used, and – importantly – the producer behind the wine. North America’s principal wine regions, from a qualitative and quantitative perspective, are arguably California, Oregon and Washington, whose best wines – based often on traditional European grape varieties – can rival the finesse and complexity of the world’s most acclaimed wines. Canada is noted too, for its signature ‘ice wine’ style, a rare dessert wine made in tiny quantities.